A rear-end collision is a traffic accident that occurs when one vehicle crashes into the vehicle in front of it. Such collisions usually take place at low speeds and are caused by tailgating, driver distraction prior to a stop sign or red light, panic stops or weather conditions like rain and snow. Most rear-end accidents bring about little to no damage to the victim or the victim’s vehicle. Such damage might include dents in the bumper and bruising to the driver. There are, however, many situations in which rear-end crashes cause more serious injuries.
Whiplash is an injury that affects the neck and soft tissue of the spine. The most common accident injury typically caused by rear-end collisions, whiplash is caused by the sudden movement of the head and/or body. An unexpected accident like a rear-end crash can catch you and your body unprepared, therefore you will not naturally tense your muscles in the moments before the two vehicles collide, as you likely would in other types of accidents. The sudden snapping of the head forward, backward and sideways can place pressure on the spine. Whiplash is a common injury that is often glazed over, but it can cause long-term damage. Excluding victims who have incurred serious injuries that have landed them in the hospital, 78% of rear-end accident victims in the United States who experience whiplash have pain that lasts longer than one week, and 52% have neck pain that lasts more than one year.
⁃ Minor head and brain injuries can be the result of rear-end crashes, the most common appearing in the form of concussion. A concussion is a minor traumatic brain injury that takes place when a bump, blow or jolt to the head causes the brain to collide with the hard interior of the skull. Although concussions are not generally characterized by particularly debilitating or alarming symptoms, they can be damaging as time goes on and should be taken seriously. Symptoms to look out for are dizziness, headaches, sensitivity to light and sound and blurred vision.
⁃ Neck injuries account for a large chunk of damage sustained by rear-end collisions. 80% of neck injuries in the United States are caused by motor vehicle accidents; 85% of those caused by accidents can be blamed on rear-end collisions.
⁃ Other injuries that can be attributed to rear-end crashes are herniated discs, compression fractures of the vertebrae and TMJ (jaw injuries). High bones, low limbs, the ACL and possible muscle tears are subject to rear-end accident injuries.
If you have been the victim in a rear-end auto accident, consider the above injuries and their long-term consequences. Contact an experienced auto accident attorney who can help you obtain the money damages you are entitled to for the recovery of your injuries.